There are nonbiblical writings along the order of commentaries on the OT, paraphrases that expand on the Law, rule books of the community, war conduct, thanksgiving psalms, hymnic compositions, benedictions, liturgical texts, and sapiential (wisdom) writings. The discovery of the Scrolls has greatly enhanced our knowledge of these two languages.The Scrolls are for the most part, written in Hebrew, but there are many written in Aramaic. In addition, there are a few texts written in Greek. The Essenes are mentioned by Josephus and in a few other sources, but not in the New testament.(BAR) has played a major role in pushing for publication in a number of articles over the past few years, especially in 19 (Shanks 1989a, 1989b, 1989c, 1989d, 1990).There have been charges of a scandal because there are about “400 separate unpublished texts arranged on 1,200 different [photographic] plates” hidden for some 40 years from the scrutiny of the scholars.Most importantly, the existence of Daniel in the DSS disproves the skeptical position that Daniel was originally written in the 2nd century BC.This position has been taken by skeptics to avoid the detailed prophecies in Daniel that ultimately came to pass, strong evidence for the divine authorship of Scripture.However, the Arabic name is most likely derived from the Phoenician word GBL meaning "boundary", "district" or "mountain peak"; in the Ugaritic GBL can mean "mountain", similarly to Arabic jabal.
The library was hidden away in caves around the outbreak of the First Jewish Revolt (A. 66-70) as the Roman army advanced against the rebel Jews. They were led by a priest they called the "Teacher of Righteousness," who was opposed and possibly killed by the establishment priesthood in Jerusalem.
Papyrus received its early Greek name βύβλος (bublos) from its importation to the Aegean through this city.
The Greek words βίβλος, diminutive βιβλίον (vivlos, vivlion), plural βίβλοι, diminutive βιβλία (vivli, vivlia), and ultimately the word "Bible" ("the (papyrus) book") hence the Holy Bible, derive from that name.
The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in eleven caves along the northwest shore of the Dead Sea between the years 19.
The area is 13 miles east of Jerusalem and is 1300 feet below sea level.